Exodus 12

1 And יהוה spake unto Moses (Mosheh) and Aaron (Aharon) in the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim), saying,

2 “This month shall be unto you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.

3 Speak you unto all the congregation of Yisrael, saying, “In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a house;

4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats;

6 And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Yisrael shall kill it in the evening.

7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread (matstsah); and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

10 And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning you shall burn with fire.

11 And thus shall you eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste; it is יהוה’s 19Passover (Pesach).

12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim) this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim), both man and beast; and against all the gods (elohim) of Egypt (Mitsrayim) I will execute judgment: I am יהוה.

13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim).

14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and you shall keep it a feast to יהוה throughout your generations; you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance forever.

15 Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread (matstsah); even the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses, for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Yisrael.

16 And in the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, except that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

17 And you shall observe the 20Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag HaMatzot); for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim); therefore shall you observe this day in your generations by an ordinance forever.

18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses, for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Yisrael, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall you eat unleavened bread.

21 Then Moses (Mosheh) called for all the elders of Yisrael, and said unto them, “Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the 19bpassover lamb (pesach).

22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

23 For יהוה will pass through to smite the Egyptians (Mitsrayim); and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, יהוה will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

24 And you shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons forever.

25 And it shall come to pass, when you come to the land which יהוה will give you, according as He hath promised, that you shall keep this service.

26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, ‘What mean you by this service?’

27 That you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of יהוה’s Passover (Pesach), who passed over the houses of the children of Yisrael in Egypt (Mitsrayim), when He smote the Egyptians (Mitsrayim), and delivered our households.’” And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

28 And the children of Yisrael went away, and did as יהוה had commanded Moses (Mosheh) and Aaron (Aharon), so did they.

29 And it came to pass, that at midnight יהוה smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim), from the firstborn of Pharaoh (Paroh) that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

30 And Pharaoh (Paroh) rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians (Mitsrayim); and there was a great cry in Egypt (Mitsrayim); for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

31 And he called for Moses (Mosheh) and Aaron (Aharon) by night, and said, “Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Yisrael; and go, serve יהוה, as you have said.

32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.”

33 And the Egyptians (Mitsrayim) urged upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, “We be all dead men.”

34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

35 And the children of Yisrael did according to the word of Moses (Mosheh); and they borrowed of the Egyptians (Mitsrayim) jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment;

36 And יהוה gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians (Mitsrayim), so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they plundered the Egyptians (Mitsrayim).

37 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from Rameses to Sukkot, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children.

38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt (Mitsrayim), for it was not leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt (Mitsrayim), and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

40 Now the sojourning of the children of Yisrael, who dwelt in Egypt (Mitsrayim), was four hundred and thirty years.

41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of יהוה went out from the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim).

42 It is a night to be much observed unto יהוה for bringing them out from the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim). This is that night of יהוה to be observed of all the children of Yisrael in their generations.

43 And יהוה said unto Moses (Mosheh) and Aaron (Aharon), “This is the ordinance of the Passover (Pesach): There shall no stranger eat thereof;

44 But every man’s servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

45 A foreigner and a hired servant shall not eat thereof.

46 In one house shall it be eaten; you shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall you break a bone thereof.

47 All the congregation of Yisrael shall keep it.

48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the Passover (Pesach) to יהוה, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land; for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

50 Thus did all the children of Yisrael, as יהוה commanded Moses (Mosheh) and Aaron (Aharon), so did they.

51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that יהוה did bring the children of Yisrael out of the land of Egypt (Mitsrayim) by their armies.